Yes, There are 7 Chakras—Here’s How You Can Balance Them All – Health News Today

The Daily Beast

The Unusual Way London Became London

The corner of Borough Market on a Saturday morning is an astonishing sight. A jumble of Victorian alleys, railway arches and warehouses are crammed with food stalls and open kitchens. The crowds can be impenetrable, as thousands of shoppers mingle with passers-by and tourists. They spill into the surrounding streets, the riverside wharves and the cathedral churchyard. It is Southwark as it was in Chaucer’s day – scruffy, vital, irresistible, a London seething with life.Looming over the scene just a stone’s throw to the east, is an apparition. The gleaming flank of Bermondsey’s Shard rises into the sky, vast, silent, largely empty, its windows blind and its entrances guarded as if against imminent assault. The edifice seems without purpose, the pavements round it dead. Perhaps one day the Shard will swarm with people, while Borough Market will lie a vacant heap of dust. I doubt it. London is a composite of such contrasts, and I acknowledge that this is part of its appeal. It is a place of diversity and eccentricity, where citizens have grown accustomed to clashing streetscapes, to a present in perpetual contention with the past. All cities are a resolution of such forces, between the demands of the property market and the efforts of authority to direct that market to some wider purpose. London was initially unusual. It did not begin life as a fortress or a focus of religious faith. Its purpose was trade, and the requirements of trade dominated its early growth. Authority sought to regulate that growth, though with little success. As a witness in the twelfth century, William Fitzstephen, said in summing up the London of his day, it was “Truly a good city – if it has a good lord.”Rarely has this been the case.From the Tudors onwards the argument over how the city should grow has always preoccupied it. Planning the first Covent Garden, the Star Chamber dictated the design of the piazza and even named the architect, Inigo Jones. One of the earliest permissions, for Lincoln’s Inn Fields in 1643, sought to “frustrate the covetous and greedy endeavors of such persons as daily seek to fill up that small remainder of air in those parts with unnecessary and unprofitable buildings.” The word “unprofitable” meant “to the public.” From the Great Fire onwards, governments assumed powers to license building beyond the City’s authority, and to ordain the safety and form of the streets. It might not concern itself with the health or well-being of the citizens, or with the “noisome trades” settled anarchically east along the river. But to the west the crown collaborated with the owners of the land over which London was to expand, to ensure its “profit” to the metropolis. From the layouts of St James’s Square, through the building acts of the eighteenth century to the enterprises of John Nash and Thomas Cubitt, there was a consensus on how London should look. Better-off citizens thus enjoyed…

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